Written testimonies are incredibly important. What will you do when you witness unfair, demeaning, and unethical behavior? If you base your concerns on evidence, your company will assume you looked into the situation and will take your thoughts more seriously. In philosophy, it’s similar to Payne. This unethical practice essentially tricks a website buyer into thinking a website transaction is complete when, in fact, the business never gets notice of the sale, and the money is lost offshore. For example, if you take an item that would cost money to buy and copy it for other people, you are affecting the market for that product since the people you give it to will now not have to purchase it themselves. Chapter 4: Ethics by Michael Beilfuss is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Only the copyright holder, the person/organization who owns the protected item, can copy it. The candidate represented by the green slice labeled “Item C,” might think that she had received more donations than the candidate represented in the blue “Item A” slice. A classic example of unethical technical writing is the memo report NASA engineers wrote about the problem with O-ring seals on the space shuttle Challenger. You should spend some time examining your ethics and thinking about how and where they may be challenged in your career. Imagine you are researching a report for a parents’ group that wants to change the policy in the local school district requiring all students to be vaccinated. What do you do? The legal consequences are most notable when one considers writing in the professional world. Technical Writing. In legal decisions, discovery is incredibly important. Professional and Technical Writing Created June 10, ... for example, is not designed to make an individual sale. When writers present information visually, however, they have to be careful not to misrepresent or misreport the complete picture. But if a close friend or a relative was in the same danger, you may be more likely to put yourself in harm’s way to protect your friend. These are important aspects of technical writing, to be sure, but they only represent the surface of what you need to know. With a stranger, your calculations may include how the stranger might respond to the interruption, and both of you may feel some embarrassment in the exchange. If the gender of a person is not evident, use their entire name, like this: “Dear Sam Jones” Include a clear, brief, and specific subject line. Some might consider the context before determining how to act. What exactly makes a warning “adequate”? Whether you are writing for colleagues within your workplace or outside vendors or customers, you will want to build a solid, well-earned, favorable reputation for yourself with your writing. European regulations are decidedly strict, and Asian laws are starting to follow suit. If you are a technical writer researching and writing a report within a specific professional field, you will also need to be aware to that field’s codes of ethics. We are taught from a young age that you should never “rat” on anyone, and staying silent is often easier than mustering the courage to reveal ethical corruption. Downplaying negative side effects of a product. Technical writing 1. I have learned about ethicality in business decisions, ethicality in legal decisions, judicial rulings, revolutionary writings, political spectrums, philosophical Kantism, and ethicality in economic reporting. You should ask yourself the following questions: Be cautious about using sources that are not reviewed by peers or editor, or in which the information cannot be verified, or seems misleading, biased, or even false. Human values, and human life, are far more important than monetary values and financial gain. Contract Law is an agreement between two entities. Examples of technical vocabulary in a sentence, how to use it. Knowing your biases may help you begin to overcome them. The third helpful way to bring your company’s unethical practices to the surface is to remain open to other’s ideas. There are a number of reasons why a company may face a lawsuit or a recall. Under the law, most documents written by employees represent the position and commitments of the organization itself. It seems as though many professionals can get tied up in their own success that they disregard the importance of being ethical. Definition Technical writing is a type of writing where the author is writing about a particular subject that requires direction, instruction, or explanation. Errors in their development can result in unintended unethical situations. : 4 A technical writer's primary task is to communicate technical information to another person or party in the clearest and most effective manner possible. It’s unethical as it wastes the time of journal reviewers, publication resources, and renders no benefit to humanity or scientific community. It may be easier to mind our own businesses and keep quiet, but really the only right thing to do is to stand up, and speak up, for what is right. In judicial rulings, Supreme Court justices write their opinions, which are very much so technical writing. Or when a Bill is being voted on if the package isn’t examined for potential problems and run through analysis and regressions to determine the outcome and if it is economically feasible and replicable in all the states then it is poor technical writing. You probably think about technical writing in relation to communicating technical information clearly in an accessible format that meets the needs of its audience. There are a number of options (https://creativecommons.org/share-your-work/licensing-types-examples/) that a creator has in regards to how they want to set up permissions, but the idea is that these works are free for anyone to use; they are open source. Which choice is really more ethical? Getting lots of links to your website helps it move up in search engine rankings. It is not only ethical to follow these rules, it is an enforced law. If you fail to incorporate all of the appropriate documentation for your client or fail to submit important evidence, much like a beta copy, it becomes unethical. Liability Law helps companies and organizations act responsibly. Second, do not use large amounts of another person’s information. The unethical feature was that the crucial information about the O-rings was buried in a middle paragraph, while information approving the launch was in prominent beginning and ending spots. If you were writing a report on the real estate market in Stillwater, Oklahoma, you would not collect data from only one broker’s office. Make sure as you start your research that you always question the credibility of the information you find. Researchers at the Institute of Leadership and Management in the UK asked 1600 managers what they think is unethical behavior in a workplace. Overstating hours worked. If the person using another’s material did so to profit from it. Presenting data in graphical form can be especially challenging. This means that any document from memos and emails to proposals and studies can be subject to revision by a court of law. In this chapter, you will learn about some of the ethical challenges that you may encounter in your professional and academic life, especially when it comes to technical writing. If all people that needed to be informed of the philosophical concepts he was discussing, especially those that were enlightened and he didn’t make it comprehendible or accessible to them that would be poor technical writing. However, nothing is ever easy when it comes to ethical dilemmas. Unfortunately, examples of bad, biased, or unethical uses of AI are commonplace. Research shows bringing in an outside expert, someone who is unfamiliar with the company and the stakeholders, has the potential to impact the greatest change. 11/22/2013. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. This page will help you to identify specific types of academic misconduct and give you tips on how to … Was the information simply copied and pasted as a whole or changed? Unethical writing is usually guilty ofone or more of the three M’s: misquotation, misrepresentation, andmanipulation. That is why it is important that when you find an element you would like to incorporate in your document, in the same moment as you copy and paste or make a note of it in your research file you need to note the source in a complete enough form to find it again. They can also be held liable if a consumer is injured or damages occur. What will you do when you are asked, implicitly or explicitly, to compromise your ethics? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Some may be simple and straightforward, some may be difficult and involve questionable objectives. Falsifying one report will make it that much more likely the subsequent reports will be falsified, just as neglecting to properly cite one source at the end of a report only makes it more tempting to neglect citing the remainder of the sources. 7. You discover, however, that to bring in such an expert is cost prohibitive. The technical writing report usually provides technical information about a particular item to assist a person for better understanding. Just one example is Deborah Shank, who was in a collision involving a semi-trailer in 2000, resulting in permanent brain damage and confinement to a … Here are a few common ways that manuals or instructions fall short: The key commonality is that everything listed could result in bodily harm or death. What are the specific aspects of this dilemma that make you uncomfortable? In this case, your commitment to loyalty might outweigh your sense of self-preservation. An example would be Nike and their famous swoosh symbol. Technical writing widely covers various forms of application. Technical Writing can have many ethical issues. Often in technical writing, the underlying principle is already well-documented (maybe even common knowledge for your audience) and the point should be to use that underlying principle to propose a specific application. Hiding conflicts of interest . Also, when in a lawsuit, a company has to remember that all documents may be subpoenaed. Or when a Bill is being voted on if the package isn’t examined for potential … How much should a writer adapt to an audience without sacrificing their own views? When crafting your communication, think about who will be affected by what you say and how you say it. In addition, and most importantly, cite sources accurately so as to give credit to another person’s ideas if you are able to use them. Joanie on May 8th, 2013 - 12:09pm . Technical writing examples: microprocessors, socs, networks. For example, this is why a faculty member cannot use their personal DVD for a movie screening on campus and charge students to attend the viewing. ( Log Out /  For example, a hacker might redirect the donation system of a non profit organization and have the money sent to an offshore account controlled by the hacker. 10+ Technical Report Writing Examples – PDF Being able to write with finesse and conciseness is an advantageous skill to anyone who has it. 6 Examples of Standard Operating Procedures (with Office template) One of the easiest way to write standard operating procedures is to see how others do it. Using a variety of sources helps the writer avoid potential bias that can occur from relying on only a few experts. Are the methods and arguments based on solid reasoning and sound evidence? This lie, though minor, preserves your friend’s feelings and does no apparent harm to them or anyone else. Asides from requiring ethicality to comprehend the field and the responsibilities which they bear to a society, these concentrations all utilize technical writing in order to convey ethicality. Documenting source use in such a way as to either mislead your reader about the source or make identifying the source difficult is also unethical—that would include using just a URL or using an article title without identifying the journal in which it appears (in the works cited/references; you would not likely identify the journal name in the report’s body). An even more common ethics violation results from the person who designs the information mistakenly believing that they are presenting evidence objectively, without recognizing their own bias in how they presented that information. Traditional technical writing 3. It also means that you act to prevent actual harm, with set criteria for what kinds and degrees of harm are more serious than others. I can write on any given topic about any industry. In Revolutionary writings the technicality of it is incredibly important. Start studying Technical Writing. (See chapter 10 for more information on ethical research principles.). Imagine that these pie charts represented donations received by four candidates for city council. In day-to-day life, most people have a sort of sliding scale on what constitutes ethical behavior. Product recalls can be another legal problem for companies. (If this seems like "dumbing down", recall that John F. Kennedy's most memorable speeches were written for a Grade 8 audience.) These are important aspects of technical writing, to be sure, but they really only represent the surface of what you need to know. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Furthermore, it is downright lazy. In business, image is everything. It is something we may not even be aware we are doing, so it is always a good idea to have a peer or coworker proofread your documents to make sure you have not included anything that may point to discriminatory assumptions. You collect a handful of sources that support the group’s goal, but then you discover convincing medical evidence that indicates vaccines do more good than potential harm in society. It includes various types of documents, even marketing ones. In the political spectrum poor technical writing is incredibly unethical. If the bar graph above were to represent sales figures for a company, the representation on the left would look like good news: dramatically increased sales over a five-year period. To write ethically, you must also identify another group of people: the individuals who will gain or lose because of your message. Both of these examples could be considered unethical, as the display of information is crucial to how readers encounter and interpret it. Just because a graphic is open source, does not mean that you can pass it off as your own work, and if you don’t cite it, that is exactly what you are doing, whether or not that was your intention. 3. 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